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When the enemy’s blade fell, the blood from the hero’s neck sprayed onto the Ta Nien mat, forming the shape of the word Tho.

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According to the traditional recollections of Ta Nien elderly people who told their descendants, because of their love for Nguyen, their gratitude for his spirit and quality of loyalty, when they heard that he would be executed, the Ta Nien people knew that he would be executed. Together, they weave mats to lift the Vietnamese hero’s step into the realm of autumn. When the enemy’s blade fell, the blood from the hero’s neck sprayed onto the Ta Nien mat, forming the shape of the word Tho. Remembering Nguyen, Ta Nien people brought a mat soaked in the hero’s blood to worship and also from here, the craft of weaving flower mats with the word Tho indispensable in Ta Nien mat village was formed.

144 years ago, Nguyen Trung Truc, a national hero famous for his feat of sinking a French ship on the Nhut Tao River and his immortal saying when he was taken to the scaffolding, “When will the Westerners pull out all the weeds in the South? The South fought the West”, was executed by the French colonialists for the “crime” of patriotism and rebellion against the mother country. That tragic moment has been nearly 15 decades now, but the mettle of hero Nguyen Trung Truc when he was “beheaded by the enemy” is still alive in the hearts of the nation with many tragic anecdotes and legends about a a brave and loyal general who considers death as light as a feather.

One of the relics associated with that historical anecdote is now “present” at the temple of Mr. Nguyen in Rach Gia city, Kien Giang. It was the ancient mat that Ta Nien people used to pave the way for the hero to enter the nation’s heart!

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Historical antique mat.

As the leader of the French resistance movement in the Southwest region from 1861 to 1868, according to documents from the Kien Giang Museum, Nguyen Trung Truc was born in 1838, from Cuu An district, Tan An district, now in the territory of Binh Duc commune. Ben Luc district, Long An province. Originally a fisherman, when he first joined the army, Nguyen Trung Truc was assigned to the plantation soldier system of the Kinh strategist Nguyen Tri Phuong (born in 1800, died in 1873, from Thua Thien province, came from a family) family farming and carpentry, Commander-in-Chief of the Nguyen Dynasty’s army against the French invaders at the fronts of Da Nang in 1858, Gia Dinh in 1861 and Hanoi in 1873).

When the French invaded Cochinchina, Nguyen Trung Truc joined the insurgent force of Truong Dinh (born in 1820, from Quang Ngai province, leader of the French resistance from 1859 to 1864, died at the age of 44 in Vietnam). Go Cong when suddenly surrounded by French troops with the hint of traitor Huynh Cong Tan). In June 1867, the French invaded and occupied Ha Tien, Nguyen Trung Truc clung to Hon Chong (now in Kien Luong district, Kien Giang province) and then moved troops to operate in Ta Nien area. With the wholehearted support of the people in the region, on June 16, 1868, Nguyen Trung Truc led the insurgent army to capture the Rach Gia fortress, owned this provincial capital for 6 days, and then was captured by the French in Phu Quoc and imprisoned. He was kept at the hospital in Saigon and executed by guillotine along with 6 other loyal insurgents in Rach Gia on October 13, 1868.

It should be clear that after Nguyen Trung Truc was executed by the French colonialists, posterity could not know where his body was. Was he buried or killed by the enemy, thrown into the river or buried in some swamp?! Regarding this, Mr. Do Ngoc Minh, head of the protection board of Nguyen Trung Truc temple’s relics, said that based on folk traditions and some documents left by the French, after being executed, the specific body Nguyen was assigned to a group of French soldiers to take him behind the main palace (also known as the Governor’s palace) 70m away from the execution place for burial. Because of the fear of his majesty and also respect for the hero’s bravery, it was the French soldiers who planted a banyan tree on his grave as a sign.

“After 1975, the provincial leaders set a request to find Nguyen Trung Truc’s grave. Determined that it was a sacred duty, the survey team worked hard to find it, but after many efforts, it was still unsuccessful. discovered traces of his resting place because the main building, through many constructions, changed its original structure, then thanks to the help of the late writer Son Nam (real name Pham Minh Tay, from 1943- 1944 as secretary of Rach Gia Father Court, author of “Nguyen Trung Truc – Fisherman’s hero”, published in Saigon in 1959) that the survey team found Nguyen’s grave under an arched stone about 1m long. “- Mr. Minh recounted the incident.

That sacred moment took place at about 1:00 p.m. on April 19, 1986. After 4 hours of meticulous searching, the excavation team found the remains and moved them to today’s Nguyen Trung Truc temple (Nguyen Trung Truc ward, Rach Gia, Kien Giang, the grave and temple are recognized as National Historical – Cultural Monument in 1989). On November 15 of that year, Nguyen’s new tomb was completed, located in front of the Tay Lan house on the left side of the temple. This further ignites the reverence of the people of Kien Giang in particular, and the whole country in general to the great historical man, adding to the fire!

Taking us to visit the temple grounds of the hero who lives forever in the hearts of the nation, after sharing about the many glorious feats of Mr. Nguyen, Mr. Do Ngoc Minh stopped in front of a sacred relic with the caption. “Historical Flower Show”. After a moment of contemplation, his voice trembling, Mr. Minh said that this mat once lifted the footsteps of national hero Nguyen Trung Truc to the top of the station. The mat that once bathed in the blood of the nation’s faithful son and his six insurgents hides indomitable legends.

Regarding that historical flower mat, the document at Nguyen Trung Truc temple records that: On the 28th day of the 8th lunar month in 1868, at the Kien Giang law court (now the roundabout of Rach Gia Post Office), the French colonialists advanced execution of the sentence of national hero Nguyen Trung Truc. Upon receiving that terrible news, the Ta Nien people worked together day and night to weave flower mats in time to pave the way for Mr. Nguyen to step out of the court. Before the execution, the Ta Nien people offered Nguyen a tray of rice full of love for the nation. Appreciated by the hearts of the Rach Gia compatriots, Nguyen drank to the last glass of wine and recited the suicide poem: “Letter of Sword Tung velvet from a teenager / A treacherous peace with a long life / A hero of weakness and ignorance with no tolerance. Earth/Revenge deeply, not blasphemy”.

How beautiful and moving is the story of the Ta Nien compatriots, grateful for their patriotism and courage, weaving flower mats day and night to pave the way for the general who forgot himself for the great cause. Historical documents also emphasize that it was not only mat weaving to raise the hero’s footsteps, after Nguyen Trung Truc was cut to death by the French to show his prestige, even though the enemy vowed to “behead” anyone involved. To the “rebellious army”, but the Ta Nien people still secretly worshiped him in the communal house of Vinh Hoa Dong village, then worshiped the deputy general Lam Quang Ky, who disguised himself as Nguyen Trung Truc, ready to sacrifice himself to save the life. for Prime Minister Nguyen Trung Truc and was worshiped by the people as “Le Lai saved the Lord”.

But what ethnicity are Ta Nien people, where do they currently reside, why do they have a deep affection for hero Nguyen Trung Truc? The problems that not everyone is fully understood motivate the writer. Through the exchange, Mr. Do Ngoc Minh said: Ta Nien is not a “strange people” as some people mistakenly believe. It is a place where the Khmer people live. This place belongs to Vinh Hoa Dong village (Vinh Hoa Hiep commune, Chau Thanh district, Kien Giang).

From Mr. Minh’s sharing, we know that Vinh Hoa Dong is a village located on the right bank of Cai Be River, a place famous for its heroic history, having saved the footprints of hero Nguyen Trung Truc along with many insurgents of his country. he trained day and night, plotting a plan to repel the invaders. In this place, because of the admiration of Nguyen Trung Truc’s talent and virtue, many Ta Nien people joined the insurgent army. The deep love between the French resistance general and the people of Ta Nien has been tightened and glued since those mutiny days!

Not stopping there, Vinh Hoa Dong is also famous for the weaving of Ta Nien mats with the available raw materials being endless shores filled with sedge (sedge) species. It is said that the weaving of Ta Nien mats dates back to before 1880, when this land still did not have the Ong Hien sutra from Rach Gia to the Cai Be river and was called “cro-tiel” by the Khmer people (meaning woven mats made of bamboo mats). strabismus, or sedge). Over time, because people read the camp, the phrase cro-tiel was called Ta Nien. It is also said that in the beginning, Ta Nien people only weaved plain mats and kept the traditional ivory color, that is, without flowers or dyeing. But since Nguyen was executed by the French on October 27, 1868, the weaving of flower mats in Ta Nien was formed, sharp and strange with the indispensable red word Tho.

According to the traditional recollections of Ta Nien elderly people who told their descendants, because of their love for Nguyen, their gratitude for his spirit and quality of loyalty, when they heard that he would be executed, the Ta Nien people knew that he would be executed. Together, they weave mats to lift the Vietnamese hero’s step into the realm of autumn. When the enemy’s blade fell, the blood from the hero’s neck sprayed onto the Ta Nien mat, forming the shape of the word Tho. Remembering Nguyen, Ta Nien people brought a mat soaked in the hero’s blood to worship and also from here, the craft of weaving flower mats with the word Tho indispensable in Ta Nien mat village was formed.

The story of Ta Nien mat soaked in the blood of a fallen national hero is clearly recorded in the documents of the Board of Relics Protection of Nguyen Trung Truc temple with the emphasis that Nguyen is a hero who does not let his head fall to the ground: “When the executioner During the execution of the sentence, he put his hand on his neck and glared at the French, making them run away, but his blood fell on the mat, appearing as the word Tho, meaning that Kien Giang has an immortal hero. As poet Huynh Man Dat wrote with emotion: “Hero of the scene of the name of life / Cultivating the death of the dead body”.

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Monument to hero Nguyen Trung Truc in Rach Gia – Kien Giang.

From that heroic historical story, on the 140th anniversary of the birth of national hero Nguyen Trung Truc (1978), the Ta Nien people were dedicated to each day by female artist Le Thi Sa and a group of skilled craftsmen. dedicatedly weaving a giant flower mat up to 45m long and 1.8m wide in order to review the tradition as well as express the admiration and respect of the compatriots to the hero Nguyen Trung Truc. According to Mr. Minh, the word Tho in the flower mat is explained in two meanings, the first meaning implies that “Mr Nguyen did not die, he lived for the sake of the people for the country, so he lived a long life, he lived forever in the hearts of the people. The second meaning of The word Tho is associated with the legend that when being beheaded by the French, Nguyen’s blood flows down the flower mat, forming a word similar to the word “Tho”.

Surely nearly 150 years ago, when weaving mats to raise the footsteps of hero Nguyen Trung Truc, the Ta Nien grandparents, old men and women both wove and mourned for the short-numbered hero, who was only 30 years old but had already died. have to go to the top of the stage, have to say goodbye to life. It is this that has prompted many poets to feel inspired, to compose immortal poems, including an anonymous poet whose short but concise lines contain the full tragic nature of Ta Nien flower mat with The opening sentence is “Ta Nien perfunctory but heroic”. Permissive because it is soaked with the tears of Ta Nien people. “Performed but heroic” for raising the step of a brave general who bravely stood before death!

One day, if you have the opportunity to go to Rach Gia-Kien Giang, remember today’s story, the story of the Ta Nien people tearfully weaving mats, lifting the footsteps of hero Nguyen Trung Truc to the scaffold to receive death. full of courage to live forever in the hearts of the nation. Take some time, go to the communal house to worship Nguyen Trung Truc to visit his grave, to light a candle in memory of the national hero and the insurgents who followed him to fight the French and, like him, stood up to the enemy. to the last minute.

And if possible, go to Vinh Hoa Dong village to learn about the weaving of flower mats of the Ta Nien people here. Come to feel, to understand why Ta Nien mat is still maintained to this day, is always a famous item in Kien Giang as well as won many gold medals through French colonial battles, participated in Saigon fair in 1926, Marseille fair in 1933…

According to World Security

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