VEZ chào đọc giả. Hôm nay, tôi mạn phép đưa ra đánh giá chủ quan về kinh nghiệm, tin tức qua bài viết A brilliant celebrity under the Tay Son dynasty
That is La Son’s son Nguyen Thiep (1723 – 1804). He was born on September 24, 1723, died on February 6, 1804, from Nguyet Ao village, La Son district (now Duc Tho district, Ha Tinh province). At the age of 21 (1743), Nguyen Thiep passed the Huong Cong exam, so he was appointed as a Coach and then promoted to Tri District of Thanh Chuong (Nghe An). Although he only passed Huong Cong, Nguyen Thiep was famous for being a talented and highly respected celebrity. When he became a mandarin in the middle of a troubled time, with the scene of “evil lord, cowardly king”, constant fighting, Nguyen Thiep became more and more bored by the day. He confided: Nghia still, peak or fragrant / Taoism, hidden with Gypsy is also sound.
In 1786, Nguyen Thiep decided to shake off his shirt, retire from the military, go to Thien Nhan mountain to set up camp and start living a hermit life with the title La Son Phu Tu. Despite being a “hermit”, the reputation of La Son Phu Tu Nguyen Thiep still spread throughout the country. He was known as a noble, erudite, and virtuous man. The whole country admires him as a master. He was also a noble man, living a reclusive life. Lord Trinh repeatedly invited him to be a mandarin, but he refused. It was only when King Quang Trung patiently prayed for sage three or four times that he accepted to help.
In addition to the title of La Son’s son, people also call him La Phong layman, or he is called Luc Nien (because he is a recluse in the city of Luc Nien). In 1775, Tran Van Ky, a courtier of Nguyen Hue – Quang Trung went to Thang Long to recruit Bac Ha scholar to return to the Tay Son dynasty. When Tran asked Nguyen Nghiem, a respected elder about the talents of Vietnam, he was answered: “If you study deeply, you will learn La Phong Cu Sy, when it comes to prose and etiquette, you are detective Nguyen Huy Oanh, while a teenager is multi-talented. There is only Nguyen Huy Tu in multi-arts. The character who is “deeply religious” with the title La Phong Cu Sy is Nguyen Thiep, who has made extremely important contributions to the cause of the Tay Son Dynasty. Tran Van Ky recommended La Son Phu Tu Nguyen Thiep and Nguyen Hue. In 1786, Bac Binh Vuong Nguyen Hue went to Thang Long to implement the plan “Phu Le, destroy Trinh”. He was crowned by King Le as the Grand Marshal of Phu Quoc Vu Uy. For the purpose of winning hearts, especially the elite class of Bac Ha, Nguyen Hue used Tran Van Ky in the role of “advisor”, as a bridge.
Lord Trinh repeatedly invited him to be a mandarin, but he refused. It was only when King Quang Trung patiently prayed for sage three or four times that he accepted to help. History books clearly record the times when King Quang Trung invited him to serve: In 1786, the Tay Son insurgent army defeated Phu Xuan citadel, overthrew the Nguyen lords, then dragged troops to Thang Long to destroy Trinh lords and restore the Le dynasty. . In 1789, the Tay Son army defeated 29,000 Qing invaders and regained the mountains and rivers. In his political career, Nguyen Hue – Quang Trung very much used Confucian talents. A number of Confucian scholars such as Ngo Thi Nham, Phan Huy Ich, Vu Huy Tan, Tran Van Ky… have sided with Tay Son to actively collaborate. Meanwhile, the majority of Confucianists in Bac Ha still kept their ideology of being loyal to the Le dynasty, opposed to the Tay Son, or hid in seclusion like Nguyen Thiep.
Having heard of Nguyen Thiep’s name before, Nguyen Hue wrote three times to invite her husband to come down the mountain to cooperate. The first invitation was dated December 18th, 9th year of Thai Duc (1786).
Nguyen Thiep wrote to reply on the 9th of January, the 48th year of Canh Hung (1787), citing three reasons for refusing Nguyen Hue’s invitation; In the letter it is written: “Theater thinks this convenient birth is immoral; Talented, academic, nothing more than people. Just because there are many diseases, thieves send their bodies in the forest. Binh Sinh only teaches the Four Books: University, Mid-Century, Analects, Mencius. And sip, padding, sports, combs, tactics, martial arts have not been studied. You are far away, just heard rumors about the Untouchables, why and how, afraid of not knowing all the truth…
The invitation letter, five pieces of gold, two pieces of silk, I definitely do not dare to accept, respectfully send to Mr. Phan Khai Duc (his student) to give fake original.
An autograph of a letter from King Quang Trung inviting La Son Phu to Nguyen Thiep
For the second time, Nguyen Hue sent a letter to the 10th and 8th day of August, the 10th year of Thai Duc (1787) and presented an offering to invite his wife. Once again, the husband wrote a letter in reply, dated September 5, Chieu Thong, the first year (1787), of the reign of King Le Man De (1787-1788), cleverly asking to refuse and return the gift. It was Binh, Nguyen Hue, who wrote a letter to invite Nguyen Thiep for the third time, dated September 13, the 10th year of Thai Duc (1787). This letter is longer, the words are sincere, heartbreaking, “the way of language is very skillful”: “Unexpectedly, looking at Luc Nien city, there are talented people there. It is heaven to save Phu Tu for Guo Duc. Although the Master did not want to come, but the hearts of the black people looked forward to it, how could the husband ignore it?” Nguyen Hue sent Thuong Thu Thuyen Quang to honor Ho Cong Thuyen to bring the letter back to pick it up.
Such was the love of King Chinh Binh, who wrote three invitations to welcome him, but all three times Nguyen Thiep refused. In 1788, on Nguyen Hue Street to the North, a letter was written wrongly by Can Tin, so that Nguyen Quang Dai invited Nguyen Thiep to his headquarters in Nghia Liet Mountain, near Phu Thach Wharf, to meet him. After three rebuffs, this time Nguyen Thiep was really hard to refuse. Because, the letter says: “Now the world is miserable. If you don’t save with Phu Tu, you won’t know who to go with.” The letter touched the heart of Phu Tu, who was heavy-hearted with the country and the people.
After meeting at Phu Thach wharf, Nguyen Hue and Nguyen Thiep both understood each other better. As for Nguyen Thiep, he still maintains a reserved attitude when accepting the invitation to collaborate with Tay Son. Because he did not believe that Nguyen Hue was a hero or just a villain during the chaos. But for Nguyen Hue, he was still generous and trusting, asking his husband to choose the land to build the central city of Phoenix on Dung Quyet mountain (on the side of the city).
“On November 29, the year of the Monkey year (1788), Hue came to Nghe An to take a break from the army. Trieu Nguyen Thiep came to ask for strategy. The card said:
– The Thanh people come from far away, tired, not knowing how difficult the situation is. And it has a hostile stomach. If you hit it quickly, it will be destroyed within ten days. If you delay a little, it will be difficult to get it.
Hue was very happy to answer: – He said exactly what I mean….
After more than ten days of fighting, the Tay Son army defeated 29,000 Qing troops, “the capital of Thang Long is still in our mountains and rivers”. “A word that stirs up fortunes”; The prophecy of the Prophet was not wrong.
Since the victory over the Qing army in the year of the Rooster (1789), Nguyen Thiep no longer had expectations for the Le Dynasty, because the Le Dynasty’s fortunes were over. The humble Le Chieu Thong had to suffer humiliation and follow the Qing army to China. The husband truly believes in King Quang Trung, a man who has become a hero to save the country. Nguyen Thiep went to Phu Xuan to collaborate with Tay Son, he wanted to bring a little of his “small talents” to help in national planning and people’s livelihood. First of all, his wife expressed her opinion and advised the king three things, of which the third thing was the study of the Dharma. “Dharma study is learning magic; How to learn is the main thing?”; “Unpolished jade does not become an item; uneducated people do not know religion”. Tao is the common sense to be human. Those who go to school learn that. Our country, from the founding of the country until now, has been studying for a long time. People just compete with each other to learn from the chapter, seek public benefits, but forget that there is a three-way, five-permanent spear. Mediocre God, I flatter. National destruction, death; The other bad guys are all there.
Praying from now on, issued a letter to the government, the district, so that teachers and students of private schools, the descendants of martial arts writers, who belong to the old dynasties, all go to school whenever they want.
Teaching method, definitely according to Chu Tu: first learn Primary school to get the root; Sequentially moving forward, tangled up Four Letters, Pentateuch, historians. Study widely and then estimate concisely, according to what you know and do. Only talented painters have achievements; Thanks to that, the state is stable. It really had something to do with the world of humanity at that time. Please don’t skip it.
When a teacher becomes a teacher, there are many good people; If there are many good people, the main court and the world will rule.
Those are the things, honestly please. Regardless of idle words, bowing to the Emperor to choose for…
Quang Trung in the 4th year, August 10, (1791)”.
Thus, Phu Tu has clearly pointed out the advantages of political learning and the harm of learning from the chapter of the scholar, wanting to study at high school (in many localities, many people can go to school); sequential learning from low to high. But, about this meeting Genealogy wrote: “Hue heard that it was right, but did not follow”. Quang Trung wanted to invite his husband to stay in Phu Xuan to teach, but his wife, using the excuse of old age (at that time, was 69 years old), tried to ask to return. Not long after, when he established the main library at Nam Hoa mountain in Vinh Kinh, in the 4th year Quang Trung leaflet, August 20, 1791, Quang Trung assigned Nguyen Thiep the title of Sung political director, bestowing the title on the principal. La Son was born and assigned to specialize in teaching. Definitely follow Zhou Zi’s teachings, let talent be successful, customs return to good…
Temple of La Son Phu Tu.
You should clarify the doctrine, forge the human heart, to be worthy of my intention to praise the elderly and virtuous. It can be said that La Son Prince Nguyen Thiep made many contributions to King Quang Trung in the following areas:
– Unified with Quang Trung the opportunity to fight the Qing army. The “speedy” strategy is his suggestion. He also confirmed in advance that Quang Trung would win.
– Received the position of director of the Main Sung Institute, directing the translation of books in Chinese and Nom characters.
– Proposing Quang Trung to study politics, emphasizing moral teaching.
– He was also assigned by King Quang Trung to find land in Nghe An to build the central city of Phoenix, but this was not promoted.
When Quang Trung died, King Canh Thinh invited him to Phu Xuan, but it did nothing to save the Tay Son fortune. King Gia Long also showed him respect, but he refused to cooperate.
Nguyen Thiep was honored by his contemporaries as a Prince, with illustrious prestige. He did not have a high academic position, only taught, and then retired to seclusion. His reputation due to his noble qualities and his cultivation work, Nguyen Thiep had his own educational policy, which he claimed was the way of teaching and learning according to Chu Hi of the Song Dynasty. I don’t see him discussing any of Chu Hi’s philosophical arguments and metaphysical ideas. He only serves the practical, to hope to bring the country to a religion that can make the people and the country prosperous.
“Tao is common sense to follow to be human. Those who go to school learn it. Since the founding of the country until now, it has taken a long time to learn. People just competed to learn from chapters, to pray. public benefit and forget about the three common five spears. I flatter God. I flatter me. The nation destroys the country, the other bad things are all out there” (August 10th lunar song – 1791).
King Quang Trung died, the main Sung Institute also stopped working. According to the genealogy: “… the old man then returned the gifts given to Hue’s son Trat (Canh Thinh). He stayed in the mountains, enjoying himself, not bothering about naked people anymore.” Although his wife later had relations with Canh Thinh and Lord Nguyen Anh, he decided to stay in the old mountain.
On December 25, the year of the Pig (early 1804), La Son passed away without illness, at the age of 81. The children took him and buried him at his usual place on Bui Phong mountain. The people of Nam Kim commune built a church on Thien Nhan mountain to worship La Son’s son. In Phu Tu’s hometown, there is also a church for him, although it has been renovated by them, it is still sketchy. La Son Phu Tu temple in Kim Loc commune, Can Loc district, Ha Tinh province has been ranked as a national historical relic (Decision of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism No. 921/QD/BT dated July 20, 1994).
La Son’s husband, the man, although he passed away more than 200 years ago today, but his reputation is forever respected. Because Phu Tu always retains the noble temperament of a Confucian – a teacher, not only in accordance with the times but also in accordance with the world, always aiming for the benefit of the Nation and the people. Phu Tu is also an example of studiousness – learning is not tiring and teaching is not boring. During the years of living in seclusion on Bui Phong mountain, Phu Tu taught many successful students, brought education and wanted to change the style of the whole Tay Son period.
Minh Vuong (synthetic)
According to the book La Son son of Hoang Xuan Han.
According to Vietnamese Teacher Ten Centuries (Binh Dinh Diary).
Documents by Vu Duy Men (ngheandost.gov.vn).
Vietnamese History – Labor Publishing House.
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